Enabling and Disabling a User






Enabling and Disabling a User

Problem

You want to enable or disable a user account.

Solution

Using a graphical user interface
  1. Open the ADUC snap-in.

  2. In the left pane, right-click on the domain and select Find.

  3. Select the appropriate domain beside In.

  4. Type the name of the user beside Name and click Find Now.

  5. In the Search Results window, right-click on the user and select Enable Account to enable or Disable Account to disable.

  6. Click OK.

Using a command-line interface

To enable a user, use the following command:

	> dsmod user <UserDN> -disabled no

To disable a user, use the following command:

	> dsmod user <UserDN> -disabled yes

Using VBScript
	' This code will enable or disable a user.
	' ------ SCRIPT CONFIGURATION ------
	' Set to FALSE to disable account or TRUE to enable account
	strDisableAccount = FALSE
	strUserDN = "<UserDN>" ' e.g. cn=jsmith,cn=Users,dc=rallencorp,dc=com
	' ------ END CONFIGURATION --------

	set objUser = GetObject("LDAP://" & strUserDN)
	if objUser.AccountDisabled = TRUE then
	   WScript.Echo "Account for " & objUser.Get("cn") & " currently disabled"
	   if strDisableAccount = FALSE then
	      objUser.AccountDisabled = strDisableAccount
	      objUser.SetInfo
	      WScript.Echo "Account enabled"
	   end if
	else
	   WScript.Echo "Account currently enabled"
	   if strDisableAccount = TRUE then
	      objUser.AccountDisabled = strDisableAccount
	      objUser.SetInfo
	      WScript.Echo "Account disabled"
	   end if
	end if

Discussion

Account status is used to control whether a user is allowed to log on or not. When an account is disabled, the user is not allowed to log on to her workstation with the account or to access AD controlled resources. Much like the lockout status, the account status is stored as a flag in the userAccountControl attribute (see Recipe 6.29).

There is an IADsUser:: AccountDisabled property that allows you to determine and change the status. Set the method FALSE to enable the account or trUE to disable.

See Also

Recipe 6.17 for finding disabled users and Recipe 6.29 for more on the userAccountControl attribute



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