Connection-Oriented Sockets





Summary

This chapter described how to send messages using a TCP socket. Because TCP sockets are connection-oriented, both ends of the connection must be established before any data can be transmitted. The data is sent to the remote device using a data stream, so message boundaries are not preserved in TCP sessions.

Message boundaries are not protected in this environment, so it is your job to create your TCP applications to recognize individual messages. This can be accomplished in various ways: by sending single messages and waiting for a response from the other end, by sending fixed-size messages, by sending messages that have the message size embedded in the message, and by sending messages that are delimited with a predetermined character. Each of these techniques presents different problems to the C# programmer, which this chapter shows how to overcome.

To simplify the transmitting of text messages using TCP, the C# library contains stream methods that allow you to use a line feed as a delimiter n the text message. The StreamReader and StreamWriter classes employ the ReadLine() and WriteLine() methods to easily send text messages across socket connections.

The next chapter discusses how to use the C# Sockets class to create connectionless network programs, which presents a whole new set of issues for your attention


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