.NET Remoting





.NET Remoting

OBJECTIVES

This chapter covers the following Microsoft-specified objective for the "Creating and Managing Microsoft Windows Services, Serviced Components, .NET Remoting Objects, and XML Web Services" section of the "Developing XML Web Services and Server Components with Microsoft Visual C# .NET and the Microsoft .NET Framework" exam:

Create and consume a .NET Remoting object.

  • Implement server-activated components.

  • Implement client-activated components.

  • Select a channel protocol and a formatter. Channel protocols include TCP and HTTP. Formatters include SOAP and binary.

  • Create client configuration files and server configuration files.

  • Implement an asynchronous method.

  • Create the listener service.

  • Instantiate and invoke a .NET Remoting object.

  • This exam objective tests your skill on designing distributed applications with .NET remoting, which is a part of the .NET Framework SDK. You should know how to create a remote object, how to make it available to all the users via a remoting server, and how to write client applications that instantiate remote objects and invoke methods on them.

  • Remoting provides a very flexible and configurable environment to design distributed applications. By the virtue of flexibility, the .NET remoting applications can be designed in several different ways. In this exam you are required to know how to make choices for various remoting configurations, such as activation mode, channel, and formatter, for a given scenario.

  • Remoting is configurable, too. All the remoting settings can be written in an XML-based configuration file. Writing the settings in separate configuration files allows easier modification and maintenance of remoting applications. This objective requires you to know about configuration files, such as the application configuration file, the web.config file, and the machine.config file.

  • In distributed applications, methods are invoked across the network, and several factors such as network bandwidth and server availability may cause your application to respond slowly as compared to a desktop application. This exam objective also tests your skill with creating asynchronous or responsive distributed applications.

OUTLINE

Introduction

Application Boundaries

Process Boundary

Application Domain Boundary

Distributed Applications

Evolution of Distributed Applications

Using the .NET Framework to Develop Distributed Applications

.NET Remoting Architecture

Object Marshaling

Marshal-by-value Objects

Marshal-by-reference Objects

Channels

HTTP Channels

TCP Channels

Choosing Between the HTTP and the TCP Channels

Formatters

The SOAP Formatter

The Binary Formatter

Channels and Formatters

Remote Object Activation

Server-Activated Objects

Client-Activated Objects

Comparing the Object Activation Techniques

Lifetime Leases

Applying .NET Remoting

Creating a Remotable Class

Creating a Server-Activated Object

Using the SingleCall Activation Mode to Register a Remotable Class As a Server-Activated Object

Instantiating and Invoking a Server-Activated Object

Using the Singleton Activation Mode to Register a Remotable Class As a Server-Activated Object

Creating a Client-Activated Object

Registering a Remotable Class As a Client-Activated Object

Instantiating and Invoking a Client-Activated Object

Using Configuration Files to Configure the Remoting Framework

Server-Side Configuration

Client-Side Configuration

Using Interface Assemblies to Compile Remoting Clients

Creating an Interface Assembly

Creating a Remotable Object That Implements an Interface

Creating a Remoting Client That Uses an Interface Instead of the Implementation

Using the Soapsuds Tool to Automatically Generate an Interface Assembly

Creating an Interface Assembly That Works with the Client-Activated Objects

Using IIS As an Activation Agent

Asynchronous Remoting

Understanding the Model of Asynchronous Programming in the .NET Framework

Applying Asynchronous Programming

Chapter Summary

Apply Your Knowledge

STUDY STRATEGIES

  • Write programs to create remotable objects, remoting hosts, and remoting clients. Understand what role each of them plays in a distributed computing scenario.

  • Understand the difference between server-activated objects and client-activated objects, HTTP channel and TCP channel, SOAP formatter and binary formatter. You should be ready to answer questions that ask you to choose between these remoting elements in a given scenario.

  • Use both declarative as well as programmatic configuration for distributed applications. Appreciate the advantages and shortcomings of each approach.

  • Understand how to use the asynchronous programming techniques to make a client program responsive in spite of slow method calls across the network.


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