Working at the Windows XP Command Line

Working at the Windows XP Command Line

 Remember  Windows XP includes a variety of command-line utilities and programs that can be used to diagnose, maintain, manage, and administer a PC, especially a networked PC. The following command-line tools are available:

  • bootcfg: This utility is used to configure or display the Boot Loader settings, including the default operating system, the selection timeout, and other boot entries and load options.

  • defrag: Performs defragmentation on a drive.

  • diskpart: Manages a PC’s disk partitions.

  • driverquery: Displays a list of known device drivers and their properties.

  • fsutil: Displays information about and manages a PC’s file systems.

  • getmac: Displays the MAC address of a PC’s network adapter.

  • gpresult: Displays the Resultant Set of Policy (RSoP), user settings, and group policy settings.

     Tip  RSoP queries are used to identify conflicts in policies that affect the computer/user, site, domain, and unit hierarchy.

  • netsh: Displays or manages network configuration on a PC.

  • openfiles: Is used by an administrator to display and possibly close or disconnect open files on a PC.

  • recover: Recovers information from damaged disks.

  • reg: Displays, copies, restores, and compares elements in the Registry.

  • schtasks: Schedules, starts, modifies, or removes tasks from the local or a remote PC.

  • sfc: Recovers damaged system files.

  • shutdown: Shuts down or restarts a PC locally or remotely.

  • systeminfo: Displays system configuration information, including processor type, time zone, virtual memory settings, and more.

  • taskkill: Ends a running process using its process ID number.

  • tasklist: Displays a list of the processes that are currently running on a PC.

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