Using the Standard Validators

Using the Standard Validators

JavaServer Faces technology provides a set of standard classes and associated tags that page authors and application developers can use to validate a component's data. Figure lists all the standard validator classes and the tags that allow you to use the validators from the page.

The Validator Classes

Validator Class





Checks whether the local value of a component is within a certain range. The value must be floating-point or convertible to floating-point.



Checks whether the length of a component's local value is within a certain range. The value must be a java.lang.String.



Checks whether the local value of a component is within a certain range. The value must be any numeric type or String that can be converted to a long.

All these validator classes implement the Validator interface. Component writers and application developers can also implement this interface to define their own set of constraints for a component's value.

Similarly to the standard converters, each of these validators has one or more standard error messages associated with it. If you have registered one of these validators onto a component on your page, and the validator is not able to validate the component's value, the validator's error message will display on the page. For example, the error message that displays when the component's value exceeds the maximum value allowed by LongRangeValidator is the following:

   {1}: Validation Error: Value is greater than allowable maximum
   of "{0}"

In this case the {1} substitution parameter is replaced by the component's label or ID, and the {0} substitution parameter is replaced with the maximum value allowed by the validator.

See section 2.5.4 of the JavaServer Faces specification for the complete list of error messages. See Displaying Error Messages with the message and messages Tags (page 354) for information on how to display validation error messages on the page when validation fails.

Validating a Component's Value

In order to validate a component's value using a particular validator, you need to register the validator on the component. You have three ways to do this:

  • Nest the validator's corresponding tag (shown in Figure) inside the component's tag. Using the LongRangeValidator (page 371) describes how to use the validateLongRange tag. You can use the other standard tags in the same way.

  • Refer to a method that performs the validation from the component tag's validator attribute.

  • Nest a validator tag inside the component tag and use either the validator tag's validatorId attribute or its binding attribute to refer to the validator.

See Referencing a Method That Performs Validation (page 382) for more information on using the validator attribute.

The validatorId attribute works similarly to the converterId attribute of the converter tag, as described in Converting a Component's Value (page 360). See Binding Converters, Listeners, and Validators to Backing Bean Properties (page 378) for more information on using the binding attribute of the validator tag.

Keep in mind that validation can be performed only on components that implement EditableValueHolder because these components accept values that can be validated.

Using the LongRangeValidator

The Duke's Bookstore application uses a validateLongRange tag on the quantity input field of the bookshowcart.jsp page:

   <h:inputText id="quantity" size="4"
     value="#{item.quantity}" >
     <f:validateLongRange minimum="1"/>
   <h:message for="quantity"/>

This tag requires that the user enter a number that is at least 1. The size attribute specifies that the number can have no more than four digits. The validateLongRange tag also has a maximum attribute, with which you can set a maximum value of the input.

The attributes of all the standard validator tags accept value expressions. This means that the attributes can reference backing bean properties rather than specify literal values. For example, the validateLongRange tag in the preceding example can reference a backing bean property called minimum to get the minimum value acceptable to the validator implementation:

   <f:validateLongRange minimum="#{ShowCartBean.minimum}" />

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