Initialization Vector






Initialization Vector

Even with good algorithms we need to make sure that there is no way that any messages begin with the same sequence of characters. For example, if every encrypted message began with the characters 234kngaeo9i, it could give an attacker enough information to begin cracking the message.

The trick then, is to make sure that all encrypted messages begin with a unique sequence in the first byte of data. To do that, a sequence of random bytes is appended to the front of the plaintext before encryption by a block cipher, or used as a part of the first step in a block cipher procedure that uses some form of chaining.



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